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«ISSUE Vol. VIII No. 1 March 2013 ERENET PROFILE CONTENT SPRING MESSAGE PUBLISHER Dr. Péter Szirmai – Editor PAPERS Dr. Antal Szabó – ...»

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3. hypothesis: The philosophy of aikido offers an alternative approach for Stress Management.

In the digital world of the 21st century, people are confronted with a great variety of stressors: criticism of your boss, losing the job, competition with others, deadlines and time pressure, too much information to manage/work with, health problems etc. But are these factors objective stressors?

Tatami is a type of mat used as a flooring material in traditional Japanese-style rooms.

ERENET Profile Vol. VIII, No. 1. www.erenet.org Let’s take the approach of aikido. Stress is the effect of those factors in your life that you experience as stressors (attackers). The question is, what problems/tasks (attackers) of life can you confront and manage (do a technique)? There is always a working solution (technique). You just need to be self-confident and seek for it. In this sense, the amount of stressor can be decreased significantly – and less stress contributes to better health conditions on the short- and the long-run.

Reflecting this approach to aikido, you can realize its philosophy: find yourself, build your selfconfidence and dare to confront the attacker. The attacker (stressor) could be your boss, your team members, family or other situational problems of your life. Turning a „problem” to a „tasks” with the confidence that „you can do it” will improve your opportunities/working conditions by far.

4. hypothesis: Practicing aikido develops your Communication and Conflict Management skills.

The basic principle of aikido is cooperation. When the attack is coming, you step out of the attacker’s way (no direct confrontation), you reposition yourself in a more advantageous position and go on with the technique/movements successfully with better chances. This idea helps in business and private life as well both in communication and conflict management.

How to deal with a situation when your boss is nervous and approaches you with extra tasks or a negative feedback? It is always a matter of choice: do you want to get into the game of conflict or try to understand the point of your boss, take responsibility for the situation, „step out”, „reposition yourself” and use/absolve his „energy” by „leading away” – bring in your argument cooperatively.

In your communication/reactions assertivity is a good orientation point (that shows parallels with the philosophy of aikido). Assertivity means trying to understand the point of the other party and introducing your ideas/listing your arguments starting from the point of view of the other.7 It ensures a better understanding. It

makes your colleague certain, that you understand him. The aikido techniques basically apply the same theory:

with the help of stepping out, you reposition, take the „stand-point” of the attacker and then you lead the situation further.

5. hypothesis: An aikidoka evokes a Multiplicator Effect in a community.

This last hypothesis still needs to be examined deeper, but let’s consider that there are different types of people in each team and of course, people might have different inner values, communication styles as well as interests.

Nevertheless, if there is at least one „cooperative” person in the group with a forward-thinking, positive attitude (ideally the boss/leader of the meeting), this „ harmonizing mediator” might be able to better synchronize and assemble opposite interests to achieve the group goals faster. Probably the colleagues cannot define why it was a pleasant meeting, but e.g. „we came to a conclusion quicker than usual”… These characteristics of the aikido’s philosophy might cause a big shift in corporations. If this pleasant behavior pattern can be learned unintendedly, it may result in a more positive working atmosphere resulting in a more promising corporate culture.

The mindset of people should be changed not to fear upcoming situations and to confront them in the appropriate way. Everybody can influence the “system” (e.g. working environment) and contribute to this process.

The increasing number of positive, self-confident and collaborative people results in a healthier society.

The prevention of stress and the development of mental and physical stability create a more effectively working and “safe” environment. The deepening and daily experience of the values such as Responsibility, Acceptance, Respect and Ethics result in a trustful and honest corporate culture. (The adequate bahaviour of managers and executives has crucial importance in establishing this culture; in gaining trust and commitment of employees.)

5. AIKIDO FOR A HEALTHY CORPORATE CULTURE

The new “connected society” challenges the business. The evolving global competitive spirit fosters stress and results in serious illnesses that should be prevented on individual, group as well as corporate level.

The maintenance of mental and physical stability develops the corporate culture that is a key success factor and becomes more and more relevant in the 21st century. The attraction of talents is just the first step.

The same principle is taught by NLP (neuro-linguistic programming) as well. (Seidl, 2011) ERENET Profile Vol. VIII, No. 1. www.erenet.org You also need to motivate and retain them, in which a good corporate atmosphere is essential. The commitment and enthusiasm of employees enhance productivity (willingness to do more; with pleasure), foster innovation and better customer orientation, as well as result in less fluctuation, less resistance from change.





The HR departments of companies usually take responsibility for change management, developing the corporate culture as well as increasing employee satisfaction by incentive programs, development opportunities, health programs etc. But how to reach managers and employees even “deeper” and affect their assumptions, attitude and basic values?

Aikido is an indirect, off-the-job self-improvement “teacher” for that. It is not the primary aim to give solutions for corporate situations, but as a “secondary product”, it helps you to deal with them. However, aikido is not a general medicine and not the only opportunity to help in corporate/cultural problems. It works exclusively under the conditions of „freedom of choice”. This is the reason, why it is working. The philosophy of aikido is a way of life and if you choose this way, it can affect several areas of your life. But if it appears as a forced checklist item on the development requirements as a manager/employee, it will not work.

I introduced aikido, as I truly believe that the transferred values and directions that are taught there help in personal development, stress-, communication- and conflict management as well as leadership and can become a fundament and compass in your life creating inner-, private- and work-life-balance.

Raise your self-awareness and use the KI energy in your life ethically to contribute to a more sustainable economy and society.

REFERENCES

Bennett, A. (2009, ed.): Budo: The Martial Ways of Japan. Nippon Budokan, Tokyo.

Covey, S.R. (2004): The 7 habits of highly effective people. Free Press, New York, pp.186, 206.

Gere, P. (2011): Az aikido mint életút szerepe a stressz és munkahelyi stressz preventív és proaktív kezelésében.

(Stress management at workplace based on the principles of aikido.) Szakdolgozat (Master thesis), Budapest.

Platon (2005): Apokrif dialógusok. (Apocryphal dialogues.) Atlantisz Könyvkiadó, Budapest, pp. 89.

Ruglioni, G. (1997): Unification of Mind and Body and Ki Aikido. Erga edizioni, Genova.

Seidl, B. (2011): NLP Mentale Ressoucen nutzen. (NLP Using your mental resources.) Haufe, Freiburg.

Ueshiba, K. (1997): Az aikido szellemisége. (The philosophy of aikido.) Hunor Vállalkozás, Budapest.

Ujvári, Dr. M. (1984): A délkelet-ázsiai harci mű vészetek. (South-eastern Asian martial arts.) Go-press, Budapest

–  –  –

The Author calls attention to define what should be understood under the expression og Good and Evil and what a good human being should be. When defining the sustainability concept we should take into consideration the geoethic, a combination of the geosciences and the ethics.

She highlights how to use arts in the education process. She focuses on the role of the classical music and presents the relations of the music and the beaux arts. She presents concrete exaples from the Czech musical culture like Smetana, Dvořák, Foerster and Novák.

Key words: geoethics, arts in education, classical music, Czech composers.

JEL codes: A13

1. INTRODUCTION

Ideas of freedom accompanied the human kind for ages. Numerous examples can be presented:

rebellions of slaves, French revolution 1789 with demands of equality, liberty and fraternity, decolonisation process, destruction of the “Eastern block” 1989 – until recent movements in the world. Until nowadays various false explanations of freedom (oppressing well-being and destabilizing personality) have bad consequences; they increase various present crises. An incorrect understanding of liberty brings lot of conflicts when unethical priority is given to individual personal profit and interest. New alternatives combine economic, social and environmental issues with actual safety and security aspects. Problems of sustainable development are to be completely respected. Unstable modernity of today with so many evil examples (of high priority in media) increase lack of ability to discern Good from Evil. We need to define what should be understood under the expressions of Good and Evil and what a “good human being” should be. Various instruments can be applied to improve sensibility for spirituality and sustainability. No changes can be realized only by using rhetoric and legislation processes. Respect to ethical values of Europe as well as to the social teaching of the Church is to be taken into consideration.

2. GEOETHICS

When sustainability concepts should be examined by an ethical prism a relatively new discipline in the family of applied ethics is to be taken into consideration – geoethics. Geoethics is an interdisciplinary field between Geosciences and Ethics which involves Earth and Planetary Sciences as well as applied ethics. It deals with the way of human thinking and acting in relation to the significance of the Earth as a system and as a model. Scientific, technological, methodological and social-cultural aspects are included (e.g. sustainability, development, geodiversity and geoheritage, prudent consumption of mineral resources, appropriate measures for predictability and mitigation of natural hazards, geosciences communication, museology, art etc.), their liaison with concepts of geoeducation is evident.

Also the necessity of considering appropriate protocols, scientific integrity issues and a code of good practice -regarding the study of the abiotic world - is covered by this discipline developed by Václav Ně mec and by the author since 1991. Studies on planetary geology (sensu lato) and astrobiology also require a geoethical approach (as suggested by Jesus Martínez - Frías). It is necessary to incorporate geoethical principles in the optimal way into the consciousness and the daily life of the global society. All efforts of not only Earth and Planetary scientists, ecologists and pedagogues but also of other professions including managers, leaders, politicians and statesmen at any level should respect – in the sense of geoethics – their own responsibility for the fate of our planet and of all its inhabitants including the future generations.

ERENET Profile Vol. VIII, No. 1. www.erenet.org Geoethics combine the science and ethics. In other words: we need the combination of the brain (i.e. a very rational way of thinking) and heart. Many bad examples from today practices can be also given, e.g.

greediness of entrepreneurs seeking only the profit from a wasteful and shameless use of natural resources, without considering the needs for the future. Therefore we cannot forget precautionary principle and the final effects on the human kind activities.

As emphasized many times by one of the previous Presidents of the International Union of Geological Sciences Bill Fyfe (one of the first top supporters of geoethics), our duty is to transmit the Earth to the future generations at least in such a situation which existed in the time of our birth (if not improved). He was remembering the fact of overlapping the areas of war conflicts with those of mineral deposits as we can see in geographical maps.

The Earth as a planet has been developed for many billions of years, passing various periods in the geological time; everything is hidden in the Earth crust – an extremely important archive of the Nature history.

Even if we are not earth scientists we should know and love our planet, understand its own development and live together in a co-existence respecting the laws of the Nature. Many of these laws have not yet been fully discovered. It is extremely necessary to decipher and understand laws of its behaviour – the only way how to improve a predictability of potential natural disasters… Geological factors need to be reflected and respected in any concept of environmental sustainability.

Thanks to the interdisciplinary approach a need arises to seek new priorities emphasizing more and more the solidarity of human kind. These priorities have been defined by the International Declaration of Geoethics (2011).

3. USING ARTS IN THE EDUCATIONAL PROCESS

For the art of any kind - music, creative graphic and plastic arts, literature (classic, modern incl. science fiction), theatre, cinema, etc. - extraordinary occasions exist to harmonise individual personal interests with those of the humanity well-being and Nature and to cultivate spirituality and the appropriate values. As a significant instrument for improving ethical global climate the art should be used in the never ending education process at any level – not only to strengthen a fair relation of any human being to the Earth and to the global well-being.

Arts can be applied as irreplaceable means for making any human being better, for improving his sense for solidarity and for increasing his ethical sensibility.



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