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«submitted in accordance with the requirements for the degree of DOCTOR OF PHILOSOPHY WITH SPECIALISATION IN ADULT EDUCATION at the UNIVERSITY OF ...»

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Appendix A CHECKLIST for observations

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Cognitive Styles (global, analytic, auditory, visual) Motivation Instrumental (intensity, involvement) Integrative (personal goal) Learning Strategies Memory-related (sounds, keyword, flashcards) Cognitive (reasoning, note-taking) Compensatory (talking around missing words) Meta-cognitive (organizing, evaluating, monitoring mistakes) Affective (feelings, rewarding oneself) Social (asking questions, talking with native speakers) Anxiety Teaching Methods Appendix B Strategy Inventory for Language Learning (SILL) This form of the strategy inventory for language learning (SILL) is for students of a second language (SL). Please read each statement and give a number in the response (1, 2, 3, 4 or 5) that tells how TRUE the statement is.

1. Never or almost never true of me.

2. Usually not true of me.

3. Somewhat true of me.

4. Usually true of me.

5. Always or almost always true of me.

Answer in terms of how well the statement describes you. Do not answer how you think you should be, or what other people do. There are no right or wrong answers to these statements.

Part A

1. I think of relationships between what I already know and new things I learn in the SL.

2. I use new SL words in a sentence so I can remember them.

3. I connect the sound of a new SL word and an image or picture of the word to help me remember the word.

4. I remember a new SL word by making a mental picture of a situation in which the word might be used.

5. I use rhymes to remember new SL words.

6. I use flashcards to remember new SL words.

7. I physically act out new SL words.

8. I review SL lessons often.

9. I remember new SL words or phrases by remembering their location on the page, on the board, or on a street sign.

Part B

10. I say or write new SL words several times.

11. I try to talk like native SL speakers.

12. I practice the sounds of SL.

13. I use the SL words I know in different ways.

14. I start conversations in the SL.

15. I watch SL language TV shows spoken in SL or go to movies spoken in SL.

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