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«submitted in accordance with the requirements for the degree of DOCTOR OF PHILOSOPHY WITH SPECIALISATION IN ADULT EDUCATION at the UNIVERSITY OF ...»

-- [ Page 24 ] --

16. I read for pleasure in the SL.

17. I write notes, messages, letter, or reports in the SL.

18. I first skim an SL passage (read over the passage quickly) then go back and read carefully.

19. I look for words in my own language that are similar to new words in the SL.

20. I try to find patterns in the SL.

21. I find the meaning of an SL word by dividing it into parts that I understand.

22. I try not to translate word for word.

23. I make summaries of information that I hear or read in the SL.

Part C

24. To understand unfamiliar SL words, I make guesses.

25. When I can’t think of a word during a conversation in the SL, I use gestures.

26. I make up new words if I do not know the right ones in the SL.

27. I read SL without looking up every new word.

28. I try to guess what the other person will say next in the SL.

29. If I can’t think of an SL word, I use a word or phrase that means the same thing.

Part D

–  –  –

32. I pay attention when someone is speaking SL.

33. I try to find out how to be a better learner of SL.

34. I plan my schedule so I will have enough time to study SL.

35. I look for people I can talk to in SL.

36. I look for opportunities to read as much as possible in SL.

37. I have clear goals for improving my SL skills.

38. I think about my progress in learning SL.

Part E

39. I try to relax whenever I feel afraid of using SL.

40. I encourage myself to speak SL even when I am afraid of making a mistake.

41. I five myself a reward or treat when I do well in SL.

42. I notice if I am tense or nervous when I am studying or using SL.

43. I write down my feelings in a language learning diary.

44. I talk to someone else about how I feel when I am learning SL.

Part F

45. If I do not understand something in SL, I ask the other person to slow down or say it again.

46. I ask SL speakers to correct me when I talk.

47. I practice SL with other students.

48. I ask for help from SL speakers.

49. I ask questions in SL.

50. I try to learn about the culture of SL speakers.

Appendix C Individual interviews with learners and focus group participants Dear Student, I am presently doing research to complete my Doctoral Degree in Adult Education at Unisa. The research involves exploring gender differences when teaching English as a foreign or second language to adult learners in Qatar, with particular interest in cognitive differences, motivation towards learning a second language, strategies employed while learning a second language and anxieties experienced during this process. The questions asked will be relevant to the above research as indicated.

While participating with the research, I would like to assure you of the following:

• You do not have to provide me with any information that you are not comfortable sharing.

• All information shared will be for the use of the studies and will be kept private and confidential.

• Your anonymity will be protected at all times and no direct names will be used.

• The conversations will be tape-recorded, but will be for use by myself only.

• You have the right to withdraw from the research at any time you want to.

• I will be ethical at all times and respect your wishes.

The research will only take forty minutes to one hour of your time.

The intended title of my study will be:

TEACHING ENGLISH AS A SECOND OR FOREIGN LANGUAGE TO

ADULTS IN QATAR: EXPLORING GENDER DIFFERENCES IN

LANGUAGE ACQUISTION

It would be appreciated if you could help me to complete this study by answering the following questions as honestly as possible and give me your permission to tape record the interview. Although the interview will be recorded, you do not need to identify yourself – so no need to give your name. Fifteen other learners will also be involved in this study.

Thank you very much for your time and I appreciate your interest and cooperation.

Regards, Riana

–  –  –

Questions

1. What professional qualifications do you have? ___________________________

2.

How long have you been studying at the centre? _________________________

3.

What level are you studying at the moment? ____________________________

4. How do you learn English? ___________________________________________

5. Be specific and tell me how you learn, what makes it easier to remember things and do you use any special strategies to make it easier ? __________________

6. What motivates you to study English? __________________________________

7. Do you get anxious before writing a test or speaking in front of others? _______

8. What specific classroom situations do you think provoke anxiety? ___________





9. Who or what do you think is responsible for anxieties in the classroom? ______

10. How do you cope with anxiety? _______________________________________

11. How do you feel teachers are accommodating the learning process, and how is it being done? ______________________________________________________

12. How would you like teachers to handle different genders within the classroom?

_________________________________________________________________

13. How would you like to be taught English to make the situation acceptable for adult male and female language learners in the classroom?________________________________________________________

14. What additional information about the above mentioned questions would you like to bring to my attention? _________________________________________

Appendix D Individual interviews with lecturers Dear Colleague, I am presently doing research to complete my Doctoral Degree in Adult Education at Unisa. The research involves exploring gender differences when teaching English as a foreign or second language to adult learners in Qatar, with particular interest in cognitive differences, motivation towards learning a second language, strategies employed while learning a second language and anxieties experienced during this process. The questions asked will be relevant to the above research as indicated.

While participating with the research, I would like to assure you of the following:

• You do not have to provide me with any information that you are not comfortable sharing.

• All information shared will be for the use of the studies and will be kept private and confidential.

• Your anonymity will be protected at all times and no direct names will be used.

• The conversations will be tape-recorded, but will be for use by myself only.

• You have the right to withdraw from the research at any time you want to.

• I will be ethical at all times and respect your wishes.

Answering the questions will only take about forty minutes to one hour of your time.

The intended title of my study will be:

TEACHING ENGLISH AS A SECOND OR FOREIGN LANGUAGE TO ADULTS IN

QATAR: EXPLORING GENDER DIFFERENCES IN LANGUAGE ACQUISTION

It would be appreciated if you could assist me to complete this study by answering the following questions as honestly as possible and give me your permission to tape record the interview. Although the interview will be recorded, you do not need to identify yourself – so no need to give your name. Two other lecturers will also be involved in this study.

Thank you very much for your time and I appreciate your interest and support.

Regards, Riana

–  –  –

Questions

1. What professional qualifications do you have? _______________________________

2. How long have you been teaching at the centre? ______________________________

3. What levels are you teaching at the moment? ________________________________

4. How long have you been teaching English? ___________________________________

5. Be specific and tell me, in your opinion, how do you think learners acquire English?

_________________________________________________________________

6. In your opinion, what are the differences in the way men acquire English and women acquire English? __________________________________________________________

7. What, in your experience are the differences in cognitive styles of male and female learners in language acquisition? _____________________________________________

8. How do learners remember information? ___________________________________

9. What motivates them to study English? _________________________________

10. What makes it easier to remember things and do you use any special strategies to make it easier for these language learners? ____________________________________

11. Do you think they get anxious before writing a test or speaking in front of others?

________________________________________________________________

12. Do you feel that teachers are doing enough to accommodate the learning process, and how is it being done? __________________________________________________

13. How do you handle different genders within the classroom? ___________________

14. How would you like other teachers to handle different genders within the classroom? ______________________________________________________________

15. What else, in your opinion can be done to make the situation more acceptable for all learners to acquire English? _______________________________________________

16. What additional information about the above mentioned questions would you like to bring to my attention? ___________________________________________________

Appendix E Learners’ questionnaire on motivation towards English language learning Dear language learner, The purpose of this questionnaire is to determine your feelings about a number of things. Pleas rate each of the following items in terms o how you feel about it. Each item is followed by a scale that has a label on the left and another on the right, and the numbers 1 to 7 between the two ends. For each item, please circle any one of the numbers from 1 to 7 that best describes you.

–  –  –



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